Joined: 01 Sep 2006
|Posted: Sat Sep 30, 2006 11:28 am Post subject: Frederick Haynes Newell
|[b]"McKean: The Governor's County", Rufus Barrett Stone. Lewis Publishing Company, Inc. New York, 1926.[/b]
The following concise account is from a revision of a sketch appearing in "Who's Who:"
[b]NEWELL, FREDERICK HAYNES[/b], engineer, civil, min- hydraulic; former chief U. S. Reclamation Service; born Bradford, Penna.; graduate Mass. Inst. Tech., in mining engineering, 1885; post-graduate studies in petroleum geology; assistant in Ohio Geological Survey in oil fields; mining investigations in Pennsylvania and Virginia; assistant hydralic engineer, U. S. Geological Survey, 1888-90; hydrographer, 1890-1902; chief engineer U. S. Reclamation Service, 1902-07; first director, 1907-14; then consulting engineer.
Mr. Newell graduated in 1885 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and after field experience in Colorado and other states was appointed on October 2, 1888, as Assistant Hydraulic Engineer of the U. S. Geological Survey, being the first aid designated under Major John W. Powell to investigate the extent to which the arid regions of the United States might be reclaimed by irrigation. He advanced steadily in the work, expanding its scope and being successively designated as Hydrographer and as Chief of the Hydrographic Branch. At the same time he actively assisted Representative Francis G. Newlands (later Senator) of Nevada, George H. Maxwell of California, President of the National Irrigation Association, and others in the preparation and public presentation of various Congressional bills, one of which by the personal efforts of President Roosevelt became the Reclamation Act when signed by be the latter on June 17, I902. Immediately after that date Mr. Newell was appointed Chief Engineer under Charles D. Walcott, then Director of the U. S. Geological Survey.
During the next few years the organization of the Reclamation Service was completed and plans outlined for extensive work in each of the western and states, work being initiated in most of these. In 1907 when Mr. Walcott left the Geological Survey to become Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the Reclamation Service was organized as a separate bureau of the Department of the Interior with Mr. Newell as Director and Arthur P. Davis as Chief Engineer. Construction was rapidly pushed until twenty-six projects, including reservoirs, canals and related works were completed in whole or part, notably the Roosevelt, Shoshone, Arrowrock, Gunnison Tunnel sad other, involving the investment of over $100,000,000, in 100 dams, of which ten form reservoirs of national importance also 25 miles of tunnels, 13,000 miles of irrigating canals and ditches with regulating works, bridges, steam and hydro-electric generators, transmission lines, pumps and devices connected with supplying water to 20,000 farms. Especial efforts were made to attain the highest practicable economy and efficiency in the execution of the work and to meet the need and desires of the settlers under them.
Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt has written: "For fourteen years I have followed at first hand the work of Mr. Frederick H. Newell. I speak from my personal knowledge when I say that he was one of the most loyal, disinterested and efficient public servants the United States has had throughout that period. I first came in touch with him when I was Governor, when I drew on him for aid and advice in formulating the proper conservation policy for the State of New York. During the years that I was President he was one of my righthand men. It is too often the case in the United States that the men who are most prominent, who attract most attention, are inefficient or even vicious public servants, whereas the men who do the best work (I think, rather better than that done by public servants of any other nation), pass almost unnoticed and without any adequate rewards. Mr. Newell belongs to that small group. He is a public servant of whom it is the bald and literal truth to say, that by his services he has made all good American citizens his debtors."
In addition to his official duties, Mr. Newell has served as Secretary of the National Geographic Society and also of the American Forestry Association. He has been an active member of many scientific societies serving on committes of the American Society of Civil Engineering, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Washington Society of Engineers (President in 1907), Washington Academy of Science (Vice President in 1907), Western Society of Engineers, member of the U. S. Land Commissions, U. S. Inland Waterways Commission, National Boards of Fuels and Structural Materials, Illinois Society of Engineers, Engineering Council (N. Y.), American Association of Engineers (President, 1919), Reclamation Research Committee.
Member of Cosmos Club (Washington), and various Greek letter, altruistic, and scientific organizations.
Author: Oil Well Drilling (1888); Agriculture by Irrigation (1894) ; Hydrography of the Arid Regions (1891) ; The Public Lands of the United States (1895); Irrigation in the United States (1902) ; Hawaii, Its Natural Resources (1909); Principles of Irrigation Engineering (1913); Irrigation Management (1916); Engineering as a Career (1916) Water Resources, Present and Future Uses (1919), etc.
Awarded the Cullum gold medal by the American Geographical Society.