Civil War - Where They Rest . . .
by Barb Hyde, November, 2011
|A-I||J-Z||(Veterans Index)||Medal of Honor||Cemeteries|
I never could
have taken all of these photos.
Many thanks to all of the people who have so graciously, even enthusiastically, allowed me to use their photos.
Note for use: click on links to go directly to more information. Click on any small photo to open a full-size photo.
|Photo by mistermullet1952|
|Andersonville, in Georgia, was
the most notorious Confederate prison camp. If you have never read MacKinlay
Kantor's Pulitzer-prize-winning novel, Andersonville (1955), the
150th anniversary of the Civil War might be an appropriate time to do so.
Andersonville, officially known as Camp Sumter, was one of the largest military prisons established by the Confederacy during the Civil War. The prison, which opened in February 1864, was in existence for 14 months. During that time over 45,000 Union soldiers were confined at the prison. The largest number held in the 26½-acre stockade at any one time was more than 32,000, during August of 1864. There was only one water source for the prison: Providence Spring. Almost 13,000 prisoners died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, and exposure to the elements - one death every 11 minutes. Over 40% of all Union prisoners of war who died during the Civil War died at Andersonville.
Alone among the southern prison cemeteries, we have a good record of most of the burials of the soldiers who died at Andersonville. There are only 921 'unknown' graves among the 13,714 Civil War graves in the cemetery. The completeness of the burial records is thanks to the diligence of young Union prisoner, Dorence Atwater, who was in one of the first groups of soldiers sent to Andersonville and who survived until the prison was liberated. He was chosen to record the names and numbers of the dead at Andersonville for the use of the Confederacy after the war ended. Fearing that the list would never survive the war, he secretly made a second, copy which he managed to preserve as he was released and mustered out. His list was published by the New York Tribune when Horace Greeley, the owner, learned that the federal government had refused to acknowledge it and was giving Atwater much grief because of it.
In the autumn of 1864, after the capture of Atlanta, the Confederates feared that General William Tecumseh Sherman would detour from his march to the sea to liberate the prison. All the prisoners at Andersonville who were well enough to be moved were sent to Millen, Georgia, and Florence, South Carolina. After General Sherman began his march to the sea, the prisoners were returned to Andersonville, where conditions were somewhat improved.
Arlington National Cemetery
Today the cemetery encompasses 612 acres and contains more than 300,000 graves.
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