by Douglas Hickling, 2009


Although the focus of this paper is the Partelow-Coats-Welch ancestral line from Richard and Rose (Worden) Partelow, I am devoting a few short paragraphs to Rose Worden’s descent from the immigrant ancestor Peter Worden I.  

Peter Worden I, the immigrant and gateway ancestor, was born about 1576 in Clayton (Lancashire) England.  He married about 1603/04 in England Margaret Grice, born about 1568/72, daughter of Thomas and Alice Grice.  Margaret died in 1612.  Peter, together with his only son Peter Worden II, settled in Yarmouth, then in the Plymouth Colony, in the 1630s.  Peter Worden I died in Yarmouth in 1639.  He was a lineal descendant of King William I the Lion of Scotland, so all of his descendants, including those of Peter’s great granddaughter Rose (Worden) Partelow, share Peter’s royal ancestry.  

Peter Worden II, by his own statement, was born in 1609 in England.  His wife Mary died 5 May 1687 in Yarmouth.  Peter apparently died shortly after revising his will on 29 July 1681.  He was survived by his wife Mary, three daughters, and a son Samuel Worden.

Samuel Worden, son of Peter and Mary Worden, was born in Yarmouth about 1647 and became  a  physician.  He married about 1665 Hopestill Holley [also seen as Holway and Holloway], born in Sandwich (Barnstable) MA, daughter of Samuel and Rose (Allen) Holley.  Hopestill (Holley) Worden was a sister of Mary (Holley) FitzRandolph, an ancestor of President Barack Obama.  The descendants of Dr. Samuel and Hopestill (Holley) Worden or of her siblings are therefore cousins of the President.  Dr. Worden and his family, after living many years in North Kingston, RI, settled in Stonington (New London) CT.  Hopestill Worden died in Stonington on 13 September 1715 and Dr. Worden died there a year later on 26 August 1716.  They were survived by four sons and four daughters, one of whom was Rose Worden.


Rose Worden, daughter of Dr. Samuel and Hopestill (Holley) Worden, married Richard Partelow [also seen as Partlow, Partello and Partelo] about 1647.  Both Richard and Rose are named in her father’s estate papers.  Although flawed, Devere Allen’s manuscript SOME PRUDENCE ISLAND ALLENS (1942) (LDS film 1312460 item 2) remains a major resource in the study of Rose (Worden) Partelow’s descendants.  According to Allen’s research, Richard and Rose (Worden) Partelow are ancestors of all of the known Partelow/Partlow/Partello/Partelo families having their roots in New England and eastern Canada.  Rose and Richard resided in Stonington (New London) CT, in a part later set off as North Stonington.  The births of their children from 1701 through 1716 were entered in the Stonington town records at book 3:2.  LDS Film 1309872, item 3.  They are:  Margaret, born 1 Aug 1701; Solomon, born 5 Dec 1703; John, born 5 May 1706; Richard, born 23 Aug 1708; Rose, born 15 Feb 1710/1711; William, born 5 Apr 1713; and Thomas, born 6 Mar 1716.  These births were not entered in the town records until 1732.


Thomas Partelow, son of Richard and Rose (Worden) Partelow, was married to Deborah Wells on 13 March 1740 by Joseph Fish, the pastor of the Second Church of Stonington located in what later became North Stonington.  The marriage was also recorded in the Stonington town records at Book 3:108.  Deborah was the daughter of Nathaniel and Deborah (Crandall) Wells of Westerly and later Hopkinton, RI.  Thomas and Deborah were the parents of Elizabeth, born 17 Apr 1741; Thomas, born 29 April 1743; Jonas, born 31 Jan 1745; Azariah, born 31 Jan 1750; and Deborah, born 31 May 1763.  Stonington town records Book 3:108.  Thomas Partelow died in 1794 or early 1795.  The Stonington land records, vol. 13, p 232, show that on 1 May 1795, his sons Thomas, Jonas, and Azariah received distributions of land from the estate of Thomas, Sr.


Jonas Partelow, son of Thomas and Deborah (Wells) Partelow, lived for many years in the part of Stonington that later became North Stonington.  This area was across the state line from Hopkinton, RI, which probably explains why Jonas chose to be married there.  The original record of Jonas’s marriage on 27 September 1764 is shown in the Hopkinton RI town records, at Book 1:40.  The entry certifies that Mr. Jonas Partelow and Mrs. Lyddia [sic] Keezer both of Stonington personally appeared in Hopkinton . . . and were joined together in marriage before John Burdick,  justice of the peace.  Entered and recorded November 21st, AD 1764.  pr. Joshua Clarke, Town Clerk.”  

This marriage of “Mr. Jonas Partelo and Mrs. Lydia Kezer” was entered later in the Stonington town records at book 3:212.

Many of the descendants of Jonas and “Mrs.” Lydia (Keezer) Partelow have assumed that Lydia was previously married and have looked for her birth surname.  In fact, Lydia did not have a prior marriage.  The record of her birth to Samuel and Hannah (Wedge) Keezer on 23 June 1743 is shown in the Stonington town records at book 3, page 115.  As explained by Eugene Aubrey Stratton in his PLYMOUTH COLONY, ITS HISTORY AND PEOPLE (1986), 213, under the practice that prevailed in colonial times, “men above yeoman status were addressed as ‘Mr.,’ pronounced ‘Master,’ and their wives were addressed as ‘Mrs.,’ or “Mistress.’  A young girl coming from a higher class family would also be called ‘Mrs.,’ even though unmarried.” 

The Stonington town records at book 3, page 212, show the births of two of the children of Jonas and Lydia:  Elizabeth, born 24 October 1765, and Asel [or Asahel], born 31 May 1767.  The families of both Jonas and his brother Thomas resided for many years in Voluntown, a remote barren area then in Windham County CT.  According to both the 1790 and 1800 census returns for Voluntown, Jonas and Thomas lived next door to each other and to Amos Wedge.  Amos was a second cousin of Lydia (Keezer) Partelow, their closest common ancestors being their great-grandparents Thomas and Deborah (Stevens) Wedge.     

The birth of Tacy Partelow, daughter of Jonas and Lydia, probably occurred about 1770, by which time the family had moved to Voluntown.  There is no record of Tacy’s birth or baptism.  The Voluntown Congregational church in 1779 succeeded a church organized in 1723 by the Presbyterians.  That church became defunct in 1764.  It thus appears that there was no active church in the Voluntown area at the time that Tacy was born or baptized.


Confusion has arisen as to Tacy’s true first name due to a mistake in the transcriptions of the original Voluntown Congregational Church record of her marriage to Ambrose Coats, son of Bartholomew Coats and the latter’s unknown wife.   Copies of these early 19th and 20th century transcripts are available on LDS films 5888 and 5889.  Film 5888, at page 35, shows their marriage “Oct. 2d 1791.  Ambrose Coats of Stonington with Lucy Partelow of Voluntown.”   The entry for this marriage in film 5889 is virtually identical.  One may excuse these errant transcribers who probably had no personal knowledge of the wedding partners and simply misread the cursive “T” and “a” appearing in “Tacy” as “L” and “u” as in “Lucy.”  There is strong evidence that it was Tacy  [not Lucy] Partelow who married Ambrose Coats.  

The mistaken transcription was accepted by historians, such as Frederick W. Bailey, in his  EARLY CONNECTICUT MARRIAGES AS FOUND ON ANCIENT CHURCH RECORDS PRIOR TO 1800.  Bailey’s incorporation of this misreading has been followed by many family historians, including Devere Allen, not descended from Tacy notwithstanding the abundant  evidence of its inaccuracy.

Of far grater credibility in proving Tacy’s name than an ancient transcript of an even earlier record made by strangers is a deed executed by Ambrose and Tacy Coats of the Town of Plainfield (Otsego) New York, on 10 April 1820.  Book AA:417, LDS film 1023775.  Tacy is named in the deed as the wife of Ambrose in four places and she signed the deed as a co-grantor along with Ambrose.  In each case, the cursive writing is clear and the entries for “Tacy” could not easily be interpreted as “Lucy.”  The deed concludes with the recitation that on 10 April 1820  came before me Ambrose Coats and Tacy his wife to me known to be the persons described in and who executed the within deed, and severally acknowledged they signed, sealed, and delivered the within deed for the uses and purposes therein contained and the said Tacy, being by me examined separately and apart from her husband, acknowledged she executed the within deed without any fear, threat, or compulsion of her said husband.  Joshua Babcock, Commissioner.

The deed was recorded on 22 May 1820 and apparently has not been subsequently transcribed.

A biography of Miami Sylvester York included in the HISTORICAL & BIOGRAPHICAL ALBUM OF THE CHIPPEWA VALLEY WISCONSIN, 1891-2, pages 738-739, illustrates the fact that the immediate descendants were well aware that it was Tacy, not Lucy, Partelow who married Ambrose Coats.  This biographical sketch seems to be based on material provided by Miami’s widow, Lydia Maria (Welch) York, identified in the sketch as a daughter of Naboth B. and Freelove (Coats) Welch.    Referring to Lydia York, the sketch says in part, “Her maternal grandparents, Ambrose and Tacy (Partlow) Coats were Scotch.”

Gertrude Henriella Jones spent many years documenting cemeteries and indian tribes mostly in western New York.  In 1970, she filed with her Mormon church a family group record and individual and marriage entry forms so that her ancestors and other relatives could be baptized, endowed, and sealed.  The detailed group record  form for the family of Naboth Brightman and Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch is available on LDS film 1275369.  The individual and marriage entry forms may be seen on LDS film 820498, batch 7222112, sheets 89-99.  Throughout these documents, Ms. Jones refers to Ambrose Coats and his wife Tacy with only one exception.  Apparently feeling bound by the erroneous transcription of the Voluntown church record as reflected in Bailey’s EARLY CONNECTICUT MARRIAGES, cited above, Ms. Jones listed “Lucy Partelow” as Ambrose Coats’ wife in one place while in the next following entry she showed “Tacy Partello” as the mother of their son Ambrose Coats, Jr.  In a note at the bottom of sheet 99, Ms. Jones stated that “Lucy Partelow” appeared in the church record but the name was “Tacy Partello” in “all other records, Bible included.”

In the years immediately following 1915, George Darwin Coates (1872-1940), a great-great-grandson of Ambrose and Tacy Coats, wrote a series of genealogical notes on the Coats family, copies of which have been given to me by his great nephew Gary Coats.  George Darwin Coats repeatedly  identifies his great-great-grandmother as “Tacy Partello.”

Tacy was a favored name among the descendants of Tacy (Cooper) Hubbard.  Those descendants include Deborah (Wells) Partelow--Jonas Partelow’s mother and Tacy Partelow’s grandmother.  Deborah’s sister was Tacy (Wells) Burdick and their aunt was Tacy (Crandall) Lewis.  Deborah’s great aunt was Tacy (Burdick) Maxson.  No child in these families seems to have been named Lucy.  Jonas and Lydia (Keezer) Partelow, in naming their daughter Tacy, were carrying on a common family naming tradition.

The names given to the daughters of Ambrose and Tacy (Partelow) Coats, as well as to the next two generations of their descendants, favored Tacy closely followed by Lydia.  Nine of these girls were named Tacy, six were named Lydia, and none was given the name of Lucy.  The four known daughters of Ambrose and Tacy were Sally (Coats) Spicer (b. 1792), Lydia (Coats) Burdick (b. 1793), Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch (b. 1797), and Tacy (Coats) Sweet (b. 1808).  

The children of the eldest daughter Sally (Coats) Spicer included Tacy Coats (Spicer) Wilcox (b. 1829), who in turn named a daughter Tacy Adelle Wilcox (b. 1861), while Sally’s son Russell Spicer (b. 1814) named a daughter Tacy Spicer (b. 1851).  The second daughter Lydia (Coats) Burdick (b. 1793) was the mother of a daughter Lydia Maria (Burdick) Shaw (b. 1813), who named daughters Lydia Maria Shaw (b. 1838) and Tacy Melissa Shaw (b. 1839), while another daughter of Lydia (Coats) Burdick was named Lydia Maria (Burdick) Palmiter (b. 1813).  She named a daughter Lydia Sophronia Palmiter (b. 1832).  Lydia (Coats) Burdick was also the mother of Emily (Burdick) Stearns (b. 1824), who named a daughter Tacy M. Stearns (b. 1850), and of Thomas Amos Burdick (b. 1828) who named a daughter Lydia Burdick (b. 1875).  Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch named her daughters Clarissa Tacy Welch (b. 1819) and Lydia Maria Welch (b. 1826).  Tacy (Coats) Sweet was the mother of six sons and one daughter--Lovina (Sweet) Green.  Lovina named one her daughters Tacy A. Green.

The foregoing children named Tacy or Lydia were descended from Ambrose and Tacy (Partelow) Coats through their four daughters.  There is, however, an 1850 census record that shows an Avery Coats and his family living close to Amos and Lydia Burdick in Alfred (Allegany)  New York.  There is little doubt that Avery Coats was Lydia Burdick’s brother.  Avery’s family includes his wife Lucy and daughters named Tacy P. [for Partelow?]  age 6, and Lucy age 5.  As this is the only Lucy that I have found in three generations of descendants of Ambrose and Tacy,  it appears that she was named for her mother Lucy.  The name Tacy had already been given to an earlier daughter.

Just as the frequency of the name Tacy among the descendants of Ambrose and Tacy substantially proves that Ambrose was married to a Tacy, the almost equal number of descendants named Lydia provides the answer to a doubt raised by Devere Allen.  Allen notes, on pages 15-16, that the wife of Ambrose Coats, whom he misidentifies as Lucy, was a daughter of Jonas and Lydia (Keezer) Partelow, but, at page 19, Allen lists Lucy as a possible daughter of Jonas’s brother Azariah Partelow.  Although favoring his assignment of “Lucy” to the family of Jonas and Lydia, Allen suggests that “subsequent investigation will reveal her parentage beyond question.”  

The fact that it was Jonas, not Azariah, Partelow who married a woman named Lydia in 1764 and that the name was handed down through succeeding generations until at at least 1875 to six more children is substantial proof that Ambrose’s wife was a daughter of Jonas and Lydia (Keezer) Partelow.  I have found only one Lydia among Azariah’s descendants, namely a granddaughter named Lydia Ann Partelow who died in 1828 at the age of 3.  Allen, page 26.

Devere Allen failed to quote the Voluntown church record cited above.  Had he done so, he would have known that the wife of Ambrose Coats was “of Voluntown.”  This fact rules out Azariah as Tacy’s father since his entire life was spent in the part of Stonington that later became North Stonington.  He had no known contact with Voluntown other than the fact that his brothers Thomas and Jonas lived there.  The 1800 U. S. census of New London County  shows Azariah Partalow and family living in Stonington.  The town of North Stonington was carved out of Stonington in 1807.  I do not find Azariah’s listing in the 1810 U. S. census, but the 1820 census shows “Ezariah Partlow” among those residing in North Stonington, some of whom were neighboring families in the 1800 census of Stonington.  Azariah, as well as his wife Hannah Wilcox and some of their children, are buried in the “Partlow” cemetery located on the old Richard Wheeler farm in the southeastern part of North Stonington--near the Miner meeting hall--a considerable distance from Voluntown.  This is cemetery no. 73 in the headstone inscriptions copied by Charles R. Hale in 1932.  Upon his death in 1821, the probate papers identified  the deceased as ‘Azariah Partelo Late of North Stonington.”  Allen, page 16.  Although Ambrose and Tacy were married in Voluntown in October 1791, they made their home in the part of Stonington that was later carved off as North Stonington.  By the 1800 U. S. census of Stonington, the young couple headed a household that included 4 girls and 2 boys under 10 as well as one boy between 10 and 16.  It was not long before they joined the westward migration of young families from the Stonington area to central New York.

On 20 April 1804, Ambrose Coats, identified in the deed as a farmer, paid $331.92 for 75 acres of land in Plainfield (Otsego) New York.  The deed was recorded 23 August 1804 in Book F:220, LDS film 1023766.   Ambrose made additional purchases in the same area in 1813 and 1816.

The 1810 U. S. census of Plainfield shows that, in addition to the parents, the Ambrose Coats household, was comprised of 4 boys under 16 and 4 girls under 16 as well as two females between 16 and 25.  It appears that at least five of these children reached adulthood.   Those children, with their birth year or birth dates, are: Sally (20 January 1792)--a date just three months after the marriage of her parents, Lydia (1793), Ambrose Jr. (23 September 1795), Freelove Tacy (15 March 1797), Bartholomew (19 January 1803), Avery (about 1806), and Tacy (about 1808.)  One more son, Welcome H. Coats, was born in 1811, after the date of this census.

The Ambrose Coats household was considerably reduced in number in the 1820 census of Plainfield to just 3 boys and 2 girls in addition to their parents.  By this time, two of the children had married and were living nearby.  Augustus Kenyon lived next door and was followed by Naboth and Freelove (Coats) Welch.  Next came Naboth’s mother Amy (Crandall) Welch and finally Ambrose Coats, Jr. and his wife Mary (Kenyon) Coats, a daughter of Augustus Kenyon.  The 1820 census had an enumeration date of 7 August.  Ambrose and Tacy sold their Plainfield real estate on 10 April 1820, with the deed being recorded on 22 May 1820 as stated above, just a few months before the census information was collected.  

We have no record of when Ambrose Coats and his dependent family members moved from Plainfield to Allegany County.  John S. Minard in his HISTORY OF ALLEGANY COUNTY AND ITS PEOPLE (1896) refers to him on page 384 as a Baptist minister “who came to Alfred in 1818 where he preached and had a shoeshop.”  It seems unlikely that the Coats family would have moved to Allegany County before they had sold their holdings in Otsego County in 1820.  Minard says, at page 582, that Coats was a founding member of the First Baptist Church of Andover established on 31 December 1829.  There is a record that this church granted Ambrose a license to preach in 1830, but there is no evidence that Ambrose ever served this or any other church as its regular pastor. 

There is no record as to when either Ambrose or Tacy died or where they are buried, nor is there proof that Tacy was still alive in 1830.  The 1830 U. S. census of Allegany County shows that Ambrose was in a lower age group than the older female family member who was presumably Tacy, but if the age group of either was incorrectly recorded by the census enumerator, it is more likely that it was his than hers.  The land records confirm that Ambrose Coats bought land in Lot 42 of Alfred township, not far from the Andover town line, on 21 December 1832, by a deed that was recorded in the Allegany County deed records in 1835 in book L:271, LDS film 483174.  By 1852, the land in Lot 42 had been acquired by Avery Coats, a son of Ambrose and Tacy Coats, who in that year sold or mortgaged a portion of it.


Freelove Tacy Coats was the third recorded daughter of Ambrose and Tacy (Partelow) Coats.    She was given her first name Freelove from her great-grandmother  Freelove Frink.  Her second name Tacy was that of her mother Tacy (Partelow) Coats.  According to a pocket calendar diary for the year 1853, kept by her daughter Phebe Nancy (Welch) Rice, Freelove Coats was  born 15 March 1797 in Stonington (New London) CT.  Naboth B. Welch was born on 2 February 1797, in Groton (New London) CT.  They were married in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 1 August 1816. 
Naboth Brightman Welch was the son of Naboth and Amy (Crandall) Welch.  Amy’s maternal grandmother was Mary Brightman, the wife of Benjamin Potter, they being the parents of Patience Potter who married Caleb Crandall, Amy’s parents.  Naboth Brightman Welch’s paternal grandparents were Charles and Mary (Taylor) Welch.  They were natives of Charlestown (Washington) RI and in 1797 were among the early settlers of the town of Brookfield, NY, then in Chenango County.  Chenango County was divided in 1806 and Brookfield became part of the new County of Madison.

On 12 November 1799, Naboth Welch, together with his brother Job Welch, and Nathan Crandall, all described as “of Brookfield,” bought  a 50 acre parcel in Brookfield for the sum of $350.  Chenango Co. deed records Book A:573.   Nathan Crandall was married to Martha Welch, a sister of Naboth and Job Welch, Nathan was also a brother of Amy Crandall, Naboth’s wife,  Since Naboth Welch appears in the 1800 census as a resident of Groton (New London) CT, it appears that he had not yet made Brookfield his primary residence.

On 26 November 1801, Naboth Welch paid Job Welch and Nathan Crandall $125 to acquire sole ownership of 22 acres in the northerly part of the parcel of 50 acres that they had bought together in 1799.  Chenango Co. deed records book C:419.  Naboth Welch’s largest land purchase occurred on 1 January 1808 when he paid $312.86 for a little over 50 acres in the southwest part of lot 39 in the town of Plainfield (Otsego) NY, a parcel located across the Unadilla River from his land in Brookfield.  Otsego deed records book T:491.  This deed was not recorded until 30 September 1815, probably after Naboth’s death.

There is no record of the death and burial of the senior Naboth Welch.  Speaking of his parents, Charles and Mary (Taylor) Welch, Luna M. Hammond, in her HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY (1872), says on page 173 that “[t]he pioneer Welch and his wife, and other members of their family, died during the great epidemic of 1813, being some of its first victims.”  In note b, page 755, she lists Naboth as one of the Welch family pioneers.  The historic Welch family burial ground is located in Brookfield on Button Falls Road on the site of the pioneer Welch farm.  The cemetery is carefully maintained, but there are no remaining grave markers for the first two generations of the family in Brookfield.

The 1820 Plainfield U. S. census shows Amy Welch as the head of a household comprised of herself and a male between the ages of 16 and 18.  She is evidently a widow.  It is possible that the boy living with her may have been a hired hand as there is no evidence that Amy was the mother of more than one child, Naboth [Brightman] Welch, who is recorded as living next to her with his wife, almost certainly Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch.  Freelove’s father Ambrose Coats, Sr. lives two doors away, and her brother Ambrose Coats, Jr. lives equally close in the opposite direction.  Naboth and Freelove  appear to be the parents of two girls under 10.

The 1830 U. S. census of Plainfield shows the Naboth B Welch family, comprised of his wife, a young son, and six daughters, together with an older woman--probably Amy (Crandall) Welch, Naboth’s mother.  The date of Amy’s death and her place of burial are not recorded.  She does not appear in subsequent census returns suggesting that she may have died before Naboth and Freelove moved their family to the Knights Creek section of Scio (Allegany) NY  following the 1834 birth of Sophia Welch, their last child born in Plainfield.  I have not found a record of this family’s purchase of land in Scio, but on 20 October 1842 Naboth and Freelove sold over forty acres in Lot 28 for the sum of $172.  Naboth’s occupation is described as “farmer” in the U. S. census of Scio of 1850 and of 1860.  The New York state census of 1855 and of 1865 list his occupation as “toll gatherer” and “carpenter,” respectively.  

Gertrude H. Jones, in her 1970 family group record of Naboth and Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch and their family, says that Naboth died at Knights Creek on 10 June 1880.  Freelove had preceded him in death on 27 July 1877.  They are buried in a prominent spot in the Knights Creek cemetery, the stones indicating the years of birth and death.  In each case the year of birth is stated erroneously as 1772.  As said above, The 1853 calendar diary kept by their daughter Phebe Nancy (Welch) Rice shows that her father Naboth B. Welch was born 2 February 1797 in Groton (New London) CT and that her mother Freelove Coats was born 15 March 1797 in Stonington (New London) CT.  The dates provided by Phebe are consistent with the ages shown in both the U. S. and state census returns.  The birth date of Naboth’s mother Amy Crandall is given in the Crandall genealogy as 16 November 1771, so she was only one year old in 1772.  She could hardly have been the parent of a son who,  according to his gravestone, was born in 1772.

Naboth B. and Freelove Tacy (Coats) Welch were the parents of 11 daughters and two sons known to have grown to adulthood.  They are listed here in birth order with brief notes regarding their families:

AMY CRANDALL WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 8 May 1816, her birth date having been noted in the diary of her sister Phebe (Welch) Rice on that day in 1853--”Amy 36 today.”  Amy married Alvah G York, a farmer, son of Barnabas L. and Ruth (Rathbon) York, about  1837.   On 20 February 1853, Phebe recorded in her diary that Alvah York had been born on that date in 1809.  Amy and Alvah had several children all of whom seem to appear in the 1850 U. S. census of Scio township.  They include Edgar,  David D. [probably for Delos], Naboth T. [probably for Thomas], John, Alvah B, and Freelove Delight, known as Delight, Dell and Fraulen.  Amy Welch died in 1864, at age 48, and is buried in Fairlawn cemetery in the village of Scio.  The cause of her death is unknown, but several of her siblings  died of tuberculosis, then known as consumption.  Alvah and their two youngest children appear in the 1865 New York state census of Scio township, but by the 1870 U. S.  census he had moved to Frankfort (Pepin) WI where he was living with his daughter Fraulen [Delight] , her husband Frank Vosburgh, and two young Vosburgh children.  He is shown as living alone in Frankfort in the 1880 U. S. census. 

CLARISSA TACY WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 11 September 1819, a date recorded by Ms. Jones in her 1970 group sheet on this family.  Clarissa married John Wright, a farmer, son of William and Elizabeth (Reynolds) Wright, on 12 February 1841.  An IGI record shows the date of the marriage as well as John Wright’s date of birth--10 May 1819.  Except for the first born child Elizabeth, who is shown in the 1850 U. S. census, the names of all of their other children are recorded in the 1865 New York state census of Scio township:  Freelove E., Emily J., William W., Josaphene, and Mary Isabel Wright.  According to her gravestone, Clarissa died on 28 March 1884, age 65y 7m 17d.  The IGI entry shows that John died on 26 January 1899.  Both are buried in the Knights Creek cemetery in the Town of Scio.  

NABOTH WELCOME WELCH, commonly known as Welcome, was born about 1822 based upon his age reported in census returns.  He married Polly Frost, daughter of Benjamin and Polly Frost, about 1852.  He and Polly lived in Eldred (McKean) PA where their family is enumerated in the 1860 and 1870 U. S. censuses.  The 1860 census lists these children:  Edwin B[rightman], Martha J., Mary L., and Vienna E.  This census shows Polly’s mother living next door with the family of George Frost.  The 1870 U. S. census of Eldred lists additional children: Edwina and William.  By the 1880 federal census, Welcome and Polly have moved to Scio with just one child Edwina remaining at home.  Census reports list Naboth variously as “farm laborer” or “farmer.”  On 18 February 1882, “Naboth Welcome Welch and Polly his wife of the town of Scio” sold their farm of almost 14 acres of land for the sum of six hundred dollars to William W. Wright, the son of Naboth’s sister Clarissa.  The deed was approved for recording by Alvah B. York, Justice of the Peace, the son of Naboth’s sister Amy.  The deed may be found in book 122:99, Allegany County deeds.  
Naboth, Polly, and their son Edwin Brightman Welch moved west to Farwell (Clare) MI.  The deaths of Polly and Naboth are shown in the Clare County Death Record, LDS film 1003308.  Polly’s death on 28 March 1893 at the age of 62, with the names of her parents, appears on page 56, line 46.  The death record of Naboth Welcome Welch at the age of 91 on 24 July 1911 due to “senility” appears on page 140.  It identifies his parents as Naboth and “Free Love” Welch.

FREELOVE ESTHER WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 27 January 1823.  She married Daniel Barber Oviatt, son of Daniel Barber and Sally (Lesuer) Oviatt, on 22 July 1841.  The 1855 New York state census of Alma (Allegany) NY lists the children Barber and Freelove.  The 1865 state census adds Alice and Clarissa.  In each census, Daniel’s occupation is given as “farmer.”  The burial list of the Bellamy cemetery in Alma shows the then existing uncertainty of life.  Children Amy A., Betsy, Naboth B., and Nathan T. all died in infancy.  The gravestone of Freelove (Welch) Oviatt shows her death on 27 September 1871 at the age of 49 years, 8 months--another early death.  The stone of Daniel Barber Oviatt records his birth date as 10 May 1820, his date of death as 6 June 1895, and further identifies him as the husband of Freelove Esther Welch.  The 1880 U. S. census of Belfast (Allegany) NY lists Daniel as then married to Ann E. Oviatt with a six year old daughter Frances.

CATHARINE R. WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 8 December 1824 according to Ms. Jones’ 1970 group record of the family.  On 15 March 1847, as shown by the IGI, she married Robert Wright, born 10 May 1823, son of William and Elizabeth (Reynolds) Wright.  He was a brother of John Wright who married her sister Clarissa.  Robert Wright was a farmer.  Their children are identified in the 1855 New York state census of Scio as William, Charles, Jane, and Alice.  George and John Wright are added to this list by the 1865 state census of Scio.  According to her grave marker in the Knights Creek cemetery in Scio township, Catharine died 2 February
1870 at age 45.  The 1870 U. S. mortality census of the Town of Scio relates that she died of consumption.  Robert Wright next married Nancy P., 22 years his junior, and they became the parents of at least two sons as shown in the 1880 U. S. census  of Scio.  According to his gravestone in the Knights Creek cemetery, Robert died in 1898, but Nancy lived on to 1933.

LYDIA MARIA WELCH was born about 1827, based on census reports, in Plainfield (Otsego) NY.  On 1 November 1843, she married Miami Sylvester York, born at Scio (Allegany) NY on 27 July 1822, the son of Barnabas and Ruth (Rathbon) York.  Miami York was the brother of Alvah York, husband of Amy Crandall Welch, above.  A biographical sketch of Miami York, included in the HISTORICAL & BIOGRAPHICAL ALBUM OF THE CHIPPEWA VALLEY WISCONSIN, cited above, provides information on this family.  The details regarding Lydia Maria’s ancestry suggest that she wrote or provided information for the sketch.  The U. S. census returns show that Lydia and Miami were living in Scio at the time of the 1850 census, their children being William S. and Welcome S., twins, and Barnabas.  The 1860 census of Bradford (McKean) PA list adds Charles B., Maria A., Milton H., and Nellie J.  Miami’s occupation is listed as farmer in the U. S. census returns.  According to the Pepin County death records, (LDS film 1311649), Miami died of consumption on 18 December 1888 at Waterville (Pepin) WI, at the age of 66.  He was buried in Arkansaw (Pepin) WI.  I have been unable to find the date of Lydia’s death and place of her burial, but it is clear from Miami’s death record that she survived him.

JANE WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 30 September 1829, the date having been entered in the calendar diary kept by her next younger sibling, Phebe.  The IGI record shows that, on 6 June 1852, Jane married Jerome Hungerford, born 10 June 1825, son of Nathaniel Hungerford III and Eliza (Robinson) Hungerford.  Phebe’s diary makes plain that Jane’s late stage consumption was a continuing worry to Phebe who also had symptoms of the disease.  On 7 May 1853, Jane, herself, wrote in Phebe’s diary:  “Been sick from Feb. 15.  Unable to walk  . . ..  My suffering time will soon be over.  My weary soul will be at rest.”  On 8 June 1853, Phebe entered “She can’t live long unless there is a change.”  But, Jane did not die quickly.  The family appeared in the 1860 U. S. census of Chemung (Chemung) NY.  Jane was still alive and she and Jerome, farm laborer, had a one month old daughter Sarah J.  In the 1865 census of Chemung (Chemung), the name of Jerome’s wife appears as Sarah J. but her stated age of 35 and county of birth--Otsego--make clear that Sarah J. is the same person as Jane listed in the 1860 census.  The one month old daughter, also named Sarah J. in the 1860 census has apparently died, and been replaced by two year old Elmira Jane.  The 1865 census return says that Sarah J. is the parent of three children.  Evidently, two of them were deceased.  

The 1870 U. S. census for the adjoining township of Barton (Tioga) NY lists Jerome Hungerford, crockery merchant, his wife Sarah J., age 40 and their now seven year old daughter Elmira J.  This is the last census in which Jane or Sarah J. (Welch) Hungerford appears.  Whether her true maiden name was Jane Welch or Sarah J. Welch, she survived her sister Phebe (Welch) Rice by many years.  The IGI shows that Jerome married Cordelia Gerould at Waverly (Tioga) on 19 August 1876.   In the 1880 U. S. census, Jerome and Cordelia were living in Morgan (Morgan) Tennessee.  He is identified as a land trader.  The only child at home is Dolly Hungerford, age 18.  She may be the same person listed as Elmira J. in the census returns of 1865 and 1870, but that is unclear. 

PHEBE NANCY WELCH was born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY on 27 July 1832 as recorded in her 1853 diary calendar, the pocket of which contains the certificate of her marriage at Scio to Nelson Rice of  Independence (Allegany) NY on 15 April 1851.  He was a son of Alexander and Sarah (Jones) Rice.  According to her diary entry, Nelson was born on 21 January 1829.  He was a schoolteacher and a dairy farmer who had acquired the farms of his father Alexander Rice in Whitesville, a village in Independence, and in Harrison (Potter) PA.  Phebe and Nelson lived primarily in Whitesville.  Phebe’s diary makes no mention of her pregnancy, but their daughter Sarah Josepha (Rice) Galusha was born on their Harrison farm on 6 April 1854.  Their son Arthur Judson Rice, from whom my wife descends, was born at Harrison on 28 August 1856.  Phebe (Welch) Rice died of consumption on 25 September 1858.  Nelson waited a little over a year before marrying Emily Tice on 28 December 1859.  Emily proved to be an affectionate stepmother to Arthur and Sarah.  She and Nelson became the parents of three children who grew to adulthood.  

Arthur learned the drug business working in Whitesville for Dr. J. G. Horton.  It was decided by Nelson and Emily that Arthur had “weak lungs” that made him susceptible to consumption and that he should live in a drier climate.   Accordingly, in September 1876, at the age of 20, he left Whitesville for Worthington (Nobles) MN where he was employed as a clerk for one year in Dr. Rio Delos Barber’s drug store.  Dr. Barber was married to Arthur’s aunt Martha, who proved to be a consumptive herself.  Arthur next opened his own drug store in Adrian (Nobles) MN which was the first of several business ventures that made him a very successful man in a small city.  He named the eldest of his four sons George Delos Rice in honor of his uncle by marriage.  Arthur Judson Rice died in 1939 at the age of 83--a sure sign that his “weak lungs” had not caused a premature death.   Phebe (Welch) Rice and her husband Nelson Rice (who died 14 October 1902) were buried in the Whitesville Rural Cemetery as are his parents Alexander and Sarah (Jones) Rice.  Nelson’s grave is up the hill in the cemetery where there was room for him and Emily.  Whatever the reason, it is a considerable distance from Phebe’s grave.

SOPHIA WELCH was the last of the Welch siblings to be born in Plainfield (Otsego) NY.  Her sister Phebe noted in her diary Sophia’s birth date of 18 September 1834, a date corrected by Sophia herself.  She married Hezekiah Howe, a farmer, about 1855.  According to his gravestone in Fairlawn cemetery in the village of Scio, his life spanned the years 1833 to 1905.  This family is shown in Scio in the 1870 and 1880 U. S. census returns.  The children are named Matilda, Frederick E., Clara, and Stella.  The date of Sophia’s death is unknown as her gravestone in  Fairlawn cemetery is engraved simply “Sophia.”

EMILY WELCH was born in the Knights Creek section of Scio (Allegany) NY in 1838 , the year shown on her gravestone in the Knights Creek cemetery bearing the name of Emma.  In 1855, she married Abram L. Vosburgh, a son of Barnabas and Lydia (Harris) Vosburgh.  According to his gravestone in the same cemetery, he was born in 1833 and died in 1912.  Her stone gives 1925 as the year of her death.  The 1865 New York state census of Scio shows Abram, a sawyer, and Emily with just one child, Florene, age 7. 

MARY PATIENCE WELCH was born in Scio (Allegany) NY on 28 February 1841, according to the group records for this family submitted in 1970 by Gertrude Jones to the Mormon church.  As said in an IGI record, Mary Patience Welch married Oscar Fitzland Tibbs on 29 March 1857.  He was a farmer and the the son of James and Sally (Bloss) Tibbs.  He died in Scio on 5 December 1900.  Ms. Jones says that Mary (Welch) Tibbs died on 31 August 1908.  Their graves are in the Knights Creek cemetery and their stones show the years of their birth and death.  The 1870 and 1880 U. S. census returns for Scio, along with the New York state census. show that Mary and Oscar were the parents of three daughters:  Martha J, Katie J, and Myrtie Tibbs.

MARTHA DRUSILLA WELCH was born in Scio (Allegany) NY in 1844, her birth year being provided by Gertrude Jones.  Martha married Dr. Rio Delos Barber, a Civil War hospital steward who graduated with the M. D. degree in 1866 after only one year in the Harvard Medical School.  Rio Barber’s autobiographical sketch and notes written by his daughter as part of her DAR membership application are available online.  He was born 22 November 1838 to Alfred and Angeline (Burdick) Barber.  The 1880 U. S. census of Worthington (Nobles) MN shows that Dora, their eldest child, was 10 years old and born in Minnesota.  From this, I estimate that Martha and Rio were married about 1868 and moved to Worthington in 1870.  There, Rio owned a drugstore and had a lucrative medical practice.  Rio said that his wife “was never well herself and stayed home with our three daughters, Dora, Florence, and Nellie.”  The family moved to Corona (Riverside) CA in 1888 where his medical practice blossomed and where he set up a drugstore and established a large citrus orchard.  Their daughter Nellie explained that the family came to California because of her mother’s health “as she had lingering consumption.”  Martha died on 16 April 1892 at the age of about 48, and Rio thereafter in 1898 married Olivia A. Thomasine.  Martha, Rio, and Olivia are all buried in the Sunnyslope cemetery in Corona of which Rio was the founding chairman.

ROBERT S. WELCH was born in Scio (Allegany) NY on 2 June 1846 according to Gertrude Jones 1970 group sheets of the Naboth B. and Freelove (Coats) Welch family.   He married Emma A. Taylor about 1869.  She was born about 1851 and was the daughter of Hiram and Harriet (Withey) Taylor of Scio.  The 1870 U. S. census of Scio shows Robert’s family living next to his parents and with her mother Harriet Taylor.  According to Child’s GAZETTEER AND BUSINESS DIRECTORY OF ALLEGANY COUNTY, N. Y. FOR 1875, Robert Welch of Scio was a voice and instrumental music teacher and farmer with 14 acres of land.  The 1880 U. S. census of Wellsville (Allegany) NY shows that Robert, age 34, then worked in a mill.  He and Emma had two sons, Charles and Forest.  Robert S. Welch lived a very short life, dying on 8 November 1881 when he was 35.  He is buried in the Knights Creek cemetery as are his and Emma’s parents.  I have been unable to trace Emma’s death and place of burial.  Only 30 at the time of Robert’s death, it is said that she married Floyd Casey.


I have cited above most of the resources that I have relied upon in wtiting this article.  I thank many others who have contributed their research which they have made available online.  They include:  V. Everett Boyer, Rebecca Coats, Pam Culver, Patricia Welch Diehnelt, Lorna Dorr, Wes Embanks, Gail Finn, William A. Greene, Dirk L. Hudson, Donna Mohney, Jon Saunders, Kenneth L. Shaw, Nancy Spicer Trice, Sharon Umiker, and Scott Wells.   


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